When 4 is on the bottom of the time signature, 1. A quarter note receives one beat of sound. 2. A quarter rest receives one beat of silence. 3. A half note receives two beats of sound. 4. A half rest receives two beats of silence. 5. A dotted half note receives three beats of sound. 6. A dotted half rest receives three beats of silence. 7. A whole note receives four beats of sound. 8. A whole rest receives four beats of silence.
9. A staff is five lines and four spaces upon which music is written. Count the line and space numbers from the bottom up. 10. A bar line divides the notes up into groups. 11. A measure is all the distance between two bar lines on a staff. 12. A double bar line signifies the end of a piece. 13. A time signature looks like a fraction. It is found at the beginning of a piece of music and again if the meter changes during the piece. 14. The top number in the time signature tells you how many beats are in each measure. 15. The bottom number in a time signature tells you which note gets one beat. When 4 is in the bottom, the quarter note gets one beat.
Quiz 2 Study Guide
SUBDIVISIONS OF BEATS & SYNCOPATION: An eighth note (a note with a flag or a note that is beamed) receives one half of a beat. It takes two eighth notes to equal one quarter note beat. Eighth notes are counted as: 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & (in a 4/4 measure)
An eighth note, quarter note, eighth note pattern is counted as 1 &-2 & in a 2/4 measure. It makes the short - long-- short sound, or the "syn - co - - pa" rhythm we have discussed in class.
An eighth rest receives one half of a beat of silence. They are notated with an "R" to signify silence.
A sixteenth note (a note with two flags or a note that is beamed with two lines) receives one fourth of a beat. It takes four sixteenth notes to equal one quarter note beat. Sixteenth notes are counted as: 1 e & uh 2 e & uh 3 e & uh 4 e & uh (in a 4/4 measure)
A sixteenth rest receives one fourth of a beat of silence. Sixteenth rests are notated with a "R" to signify silence.
Quiz 3 Study Guide
Quiz 4 Study Guide
For your quiz, be able to label the following:
This helps explain:
Be able to draw and label a keyboard from C to C (one octave). Label all white and black keys. A sharp (#) raises the pitch by one half step. A flat (b) lowers the pitch by one half step. Half steps occurring naturally in the white key collection are E-F and B-C. (There are no black keys between these white keys.) Enharmonic tones - Different names for the same pitch or key on the keyboard (ex. G# - Ab) A few enharmonic tones are: C# and Db Eb and D# G# and Ab E# and F Fb and E B# and C Cb and B A Major scale is produced by beginning on any pitch and moving up a whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step, and a half step. Use each alphabet letter (consecutively) and modify by adding the correct sharps or flats. Example: Key of F Major: F, G, A, Bb, C, D, E, F (You cannot use C# instead of Bb even though they are the same pitch. Don't use "C" twice.) Key of A Major: A, B, C#, D, E, F#, G#, A (Don't use the enharmonic tones Db for C#, Gb for F#, or Ab for G#. Use all the alphabet letters consecutively.) AURAL EAR TRAINING minor third - "We Go Together" from Grease, Brahams' "Lullaby", "Rain, Rain, Go Away" Major third - "Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas", "Kumbaya, My Lord"
Quiz 5 Study Guide - Bass Clef
Quiz 6 Study Guide - Sharp Key Signatures
Key signatures are sharps or flats that follow the clef sign in a piece of music. The key signature indicates what sharps or flats should be played throughout the entire piece of music. We will concentrate on sharps now. A sharp raises the pitch of a note one half step. (REVIEW: Treble clef line names - EGBDF, Treble clef space names - FACE. Bass clef line names - GBDFA, Bass clef space names - ACEG.)
If a sharp is on a line, then the line intersects the center of the #. If it is a space sharp, then there is no line intersecting the center of the # sign.
Sharps are placed in the key signature in a specific order. The order of sharps is: F# C# G# D# A# E# B#
You can easily remember the order of sharps by memorizing the following sentence: Funny Cheerleaders Go Dancing At Ed's Barbeque.
When you have one sharp in the key signature (F#), then everytime you see an F in the piece of music, it will be played as F#. If you have two sharps in the key signature (F# & C#), then you will play all F & C notes as F# and C#, ...
If there is one sharp in the key signature, it is F#. If there are two sharps in the key signature, they are F# and C#. If there are three sharps in the key signature, they are F#, C#, and G#, and so forth.
To determine the Major key, you must look at the last sharp and move up one half step (go up one line or space from the last sharp).
If there is one sharp in the key signature (F#), then you look at the F# and move up one half step (go up to the next line or space from the last sharp). Therefore, the key signature with one sharp would be the key of G Major.
1 # (F#) = Key of G 2# (F# and C#) = Key of D 3# (F#, C#, and G#) = Key of A 4# (F#, C#, G#, and D#) = Key of E 5# (F#, C#, G#, D#, and A#) = Key of B 6# (F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, and E#) = Key of F# 7# (F#, C#, G#, D#, A#, E#, and B#) = Key of C#
The sharps MUST be placed on the specific lines and spaces shown above in the diagram, otherwise it is not correct.
Quiz 7 Flat Key Signatures
AURAL IDENTIFICATION OF INTERVALS Interval Name - Listening Cue Perfect 1st - same note. Do-Do minor 2nd - "Jaws" theme, Ti-Do Major 2nd - "Happy Birthday", Do-Re minor 3rd - "We Go Together" from Grease, Brahms' "Lullaby", La-Do Major 3rd - "Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas", Do-Mi Perfect 4th - "Here Comes The Bride" Augmented 4th - "Maria" from West Side Story, "The Simpsons", Do-Fi Perfect 5th - "Twinkle Twinkle Little Star", "Star Wars", "Alleluia" in "Jubilate Deo", or Do-So minor 6th interval - "We Are Young" by Fun - the word "FIRE" is a m6 interval, also "Love Story" old version, not Taylor Swift..., Do-Si Major 6th interval - "My Bonnie Lies Over The Ocean" (the interval is found between "My" and "Bon"), Do-La
Quiz 8 - Circle of Fifths (Major Keys only)
Be able to draw the Circle of Fifths and label everything. Notice that the letters move clockwise in Perfect fifth intervals... that is "C" up to "G" is five letters (C, D, E, F, G). Again, moving clockwise, "G" to "D" is a Perfect fifth (G, A, B, C, D). Once again, moving clockwise, "D" to "A" is a Perfect fifth interval (D, E, F, G, A) and so forth. When you arrive at 5#/7b, notice that the flats continue to move up in fifth intervals, that is "Cb" up to "Gb", then "Gb" up to "Db", then "Db" up to "Ab" and so forth.
Quiz 9 - Circle of Fifths - Major and minor keys
You do not have to draw the staff with the sharps and flats. I want you to draw the circle, label Major keys on the outside, number of sharps and flats on the inside, and the minor keys in the inner circle. You must also write g#/a flat for 5#/7b and also a#/b flat for 7#/5b. It is not written in the diagram, but I expect you to label it.